2019年6月16日星期日

无端为中美关系添乱兼助蔡英文竞选 林郑被逼搁置修例

来源: 法广 作者: 甄树基 香港抗议引渡法案的示威标牌 2019年6月14日路透社

香港特首月娥漠视民意以及罔顾国际反对,硬推被指怀有政治动机的逃犯条例修订草案,在香港先挑起百万人上街反对,继而爆发警民流血冲突,情况在接近失控边缘之际,中国驻英大使刘晓明接受当地传媒访问首度披露修例并非授意,情况即产生微妙变化,到了今天(15日)被指是刚愎自用的林郑月娥,终被逼决定暂时搁置修例。

微妙的变化首先是建制派内部要求暂缓立法的声音突然此起彼落,例如前立法会主席曾钰成认为坚持下去必令情况失控,只有暂缓才可控制,连过去一直为林郑护航行政会议召集人陈智思和成员汤家骅,也劝喻政府应暂时搁置立法,从长计议。

6月9日香港有超过100万人上街反对修例,轰动国际,连对香港情况过去未发一言的美国总统特朗普也感叹地说“这是我看过最大规模的一次游行”。两天之后香港抗议修例的示威演变成大规模的警民流血冲突,再一度抓住了国际的眼球,香港连续两天成为包括纽约时报和华尔街日报以及经济学人等多个西方重要传媒的头条新闻和封面故事。

在林郑之前,特首梁振英一直是大多数港人眼中最厌恶的政治人物之一,但梁的五年任期内,就算如何惹人讨厌,也未能“吸引”百万人上街;而警方在两天之后的街头冲突中所用的,根据警务处长卢伟聪自己承认,达到150枚之谱,是2014年9月28日雨伞运动爆发首天警方使用87枚催泪弹的一倍。雨伞运动的斗争对象是钦定假普选方案的全国人大常委会,6.12却是与林郑政府对着干的流血抗争。

国际的反应以美国最为积极,光是国会就相继推出好几个由跨党派议员连署的香港,其中一个针对中国在美上市公司的提案,亦乘机在头脑发着“香港热”的气氛中推出。至今为止,有国会“中国事务行政委员会”的民主党众议员麦戈文和共和党参议员鲁比奥连署的提案,要求国务卿每年一次审核香港的自主程度并发表报告,如香港未能通过条件,将失去美国给予的贸易优惠。

此外,还有共和党参议员库鲁兹Ted Cruz和民主党参议员马奇Edward Markey连署的美国香港政策法案附加案,并已交付参院外交委员会讨论,如参院和众院通过并得到总统签署成法,香港有别于大陆其他城市的特殊待遇将面临严重威胁。

鲁比奥参议员除了提案针对香港的逃犯条例修订之外,还与民主党的参议员基里布兰德连署提案,要求在美上市的中国企业必须按照美国的法律将其帐目交由美国方面审核,否则面临除牌。

美国国会的提案能否通过,还是未知之数,尽管两党目前针对中国的气氛可说是敌忾同仇,有拜林郑之赐,香港无论如何已势成美国对付中国的着力点。

最讓北京气结的,恐怕是香港的情况却帮了连任的民进党总统蔡英文的一个大忙。

民进党党内初选在13日揭晓,一个月前民意据称尚落后于民进党对手赖清德和国民党热门人选韩国瑜和郭台铭的蔡英文,民意调查以8个百分点压到赖清德,赢得党内候选人资格,不但如此,进行三方对比的民调显示,蔡英文更打败有“人气王”之称的韩国瑜和郭台铭。至于蔡英文取胜之道,根据传媒分析,她成功地“骑劫”了香港修例警察暴虐的议题,重申一国两制之不可行,相反立场靠拢的韩国瑜和郭台铭在香港问题上,相对之下显得左支右绌。

林郑月娥为了修例,却为北京在中添乱,为民进党的蔡英文连任下届总统“助选”,这些恐怕都非她始料所及。



via 无端为中美关系添乱兼助蔡英文竞选 林郑被逼搁置修例

2019年6月15日星期六

两个“反送中”抗争者的自白

来源: BBC 作者: 林祖伟 钟同学:“我不会轻言放弃,这次运动让我知道很多同路人,我们都是真心爱的人”(路透社)

五年前,香港大批市民占领主要道路79日争取普选失败而回,当时有人在现场挂上横额,说“We will be back(我们将会回来)”。五年后,大批市民真的重回金钟现场,实现了“占领2.0”,但这场新“占领”,很快便被警方武力驱散。

6月12日,香港爆发一场大规模的警民冲突,警方动用约150枚、数发橡胶子弹及20发布袋弹驱散成千上万的。香港警方和形容这是“有组织的暴动”,示威者指责是政府漠视民意,强行修订《逃犯条例》,才引发不满情绪升温,并批评警方过份使用武力。

BBC中文采访两位参与这场抗议活动的示威者。但受访者要求用上化名,以免被政府秋后算账。

回忆人生首枚催泪弹

6月12日那天一大早,钟同学便在立法会的外围关注情况,看着示威者冲出马路,重演五年前的占领运动,但上次的79日占领也没有结果,她和其他示威者早已预料,行动会升级。

网上有人号召,示威者下午3时要冲击警方,结果3时半左右,真的发生了冲撞。

“当时我身在较后排位置,手机收不到讯号,其实不知道前方发生甚么事情,听到群众发出吵闹声后不久,本来想向前去看一下情况,但很快便看到催泪弹迎面而来。”

剎那间,金钟犹如战场,白烟之间,人群四处走避,混乱之际,她也不知道自己可以往哪里逃。

突然,一枚催泪弹出现在她约五米以外的位置,“这是毕生难忘的回忆,原来中了催泪弹,眼睛真的很痛。”有人替她清洗眼睛,但大批防暴警察也冲上前,她还未能够张开眼睛,朋友已经把她拉走。

混乱之间,她听到了枪声,身边的男子突然倒地,眼睛流血,吓得她和其他朋友继续向后方跑。

警方说他们用的是布袋弹或是橡胶子弹,属“低杀伤力”武器,“可能定义上真的是低杀伤力,但他们的距离这么近,低杀伤力武器也足以致命,”她说。

“原来参与运动真的会有生命危险,我很害怕,但我不想走,也不知道可以怎么做。”

接下来几个小时,她和其他示威者一同与警方展开追逐战,先后逃到地铁站和商场。

“我准备被捕,但不想死”

有专家认为,香港这次集体抗争大部分属于自发。在现场,许多常常亮相媒体的政治人物,只是混在人群之中,帮忙阻止警察继续追打示威者,而不是鼓动人群冲向前。

这种新抗争模式在香港被称为“去大台化”,即是没有领袖、没有大组织支援,主要由普通人三五成群地在不同的位置参与示威。这与“雨伞运动”学生领袖、“占中三子”以及在占领区现场冒起的领袖,不断争夺话语权的作法有分别。

这种新模式有利有弊,一方面群众没有与相同阵营的人争拗的包袱,但一方面也令很多人不知所措,群雄无首。

钟同学表示,参与示威期间,经常不知道自己应该站在哪个位置,不知道哪个地方需要她,主要的消息来自一些具有数据保安和加密功能的社交媒体,譬如Telegram群组,以及网上讨论区,但这些地方发言的人众多,也经常传播假消息,让她无所适从。

“(香港特首)林郑月娥说我们是有组织的犯罪,我很想回应她,我也很想知道当时哪里不够物资、哪里需要人,其实我也想有人提点一下,毕竟我是第一次上前线。”

当天傍晚时,她带着疲惫的身躯,默默地回大学宿舍,与朋友一起大声痛哭。

作为本土派支持者,她在这天前,常常表示支持“勇武抗争”。

“但今天的我也勇武不起来,面对的对手真的太强大了,我做好心理准备被捕,但我未准备好面对死亡,因为当死伤来得这么近时,我才知道这个代价其实真的很大。”

“但我不会轻言放弃,这次运动让我知道很多同路人,我们都是真心爱香港的人,这次我们至少阻止立法会议员开会,达到了目的,”钟同学说,“但如果每次都要这样动员,去阻止政府或立法会的一小步,值不值得很难说,但我也想不到别的办法,如果想到更好方法的话,谁会选择在前线被人打。”

“香港在下沉”

“我看见这座城市在下沉,但我阻止不到,”30岁、从事销售工作的王先生见证了香港近年两次催泪弹,“香港人现在太会抗争,我都觉得很可悲。”

2014年,催泪弹掉下来的一刻,他是撑着伞站在前线的青年,2014年占领运动期间,他也在金钟度过了几十天的昼夜。

那时候他才刚从大学毕业不久,但自从“雨伞运动”后,香港社会进入外界所言的“社运低潮”,他也一度对政治感到气馁,但在他和很多示威者眼中,过去五年,香港的情况“每况愈下”,政府“变本加厉”。

当年的社运人士包括学运领袖黄之锋、“占中三子”、多名民主派或是本土派人士相继入狱。2016年农历新年爆发的“旺角骚乱”,本土派领袖要不被判暴动罪成,要不流亡德国寻求庇护。多名立法会议员被褫夺议席,部分人连参选的机会也没有,结果建制派在立法会占据大优势。

“政府完全没有打算听丁点反对声音,是丁点也没有,不但没有疏导民间不满情绪,反而不断地燃点不同的火头,看看《国歌法》、一地两检,还有林郑月娥打算推行的填海计划等等,现在逃犯条例只是触发点,那种怨气是累积而成。”

王先生强调自己不是本土派,工作的关系令他不能够经常参与社会运动,但这次逃犯条例再次让他意识到不得不走出。

“逃犯条例最可怕之处是看到政府的谎言,可以睁着眼说中国法治没问题,指责界人士不会法律,以杀人案做修例的掩饰,可不可以尊重一下人民的智商?”

暴力的根源在哪儿?

6月12日,他在立法会外身在前线,但更多装备充足、戴头盔与口罩的年轻示威者,比他走得更前,他背包准备了8大瓶水,不断为中弹、中椒的示威者清洗。

“我很心痛,为何他们这么年轻便要面对这些事情?当中有些只是中学生,我中学时只需要顾考试,为何社会运动的重任,这么快便交托了给下一代?”

“我是不太赞成暴力,自己年轻时也没有这么豁出去,我也试过在网上批评向前冲的人是派来的鬼,想破坏运动,但这批学生,怎看也不像是鬼,他们年轻的外表下,没有天真的眼神,只有绝望,或是对警方的仇恨。”

以往有示威者冲撞警察,总会有人出来试图制止,旺角骚乱爆发后,民主派政党高调“谴责暴力”,但这次《逃犯条例》引发的警民冲突,示威者在路上挖砖头,向警员扔杂物,拿起铁马冲击警方防线,民主派政党一概没有谴责示威者,而是谴责毫不退让的政权,以及加大镇压力度的警察。

警方驱散示威者的力度,大大超出大家的想象,可以毫不留情围殴一些倒在地上的示威者,甚至开枪发射橡胶子弹和布袋弹。

“网上片段中警察更像暴徒,示威者的冲击,真的只是撞向高墙的鸡蛋,到底这种方法有甚么好处,我不知道,但我们是没有资格去批评他们,因为前人所做的抗争,同样撼动不了政权,我只希望年轻人小心自己的身体和前途……不知不觉间,我们雨伞这一代也明白了,运动是长期作战,我不希望他们有任何牺牲,换来更大的失望。”

香港政府及建制派以“有组织的暴动”和“暴徒”来形容6月12日的场面,并予以严厉谴责。据香港媒体引述政府消息,参与这场“暴动”的人数约4万人。香港行政长官林郑月娥说,如果政府迁就他们,只会让他们以为用暴力便可达到目的。

王先生说,“暴力的根源是甚么?是政府,我是不太赞成暴力,但我们没有资格去批评年轻人,因为我们之前所做的抗争,同样没有动摇政权,我只希望年轻人小心自己的身体和前途,因为付出越大、失望越大,这不是最后一战,是一场长途赛。”



via 两个“反送中”抗争者的自白

〖图集〗反送中警方暴力清场

来源: 博谈网 作者: 路透社

强推修订《》草案,最终导致5年前后最大规模的示威,数以万计周三(12日)围绕立附近聚集,抗议修订《逃犯条例》,示威者占领主要干道,多次施放及橡胶子弹驱散示威者。反送中进入13日。

Protesters march along a road demonstrating against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha TPX IMAGES OF THE DAYProtesters occupy a road during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone SiuProtesters march along a road demonstrating against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. Picture taken through a glass window. REUTERS/Athit PerawongmethaProtesters march along a road demonstrating against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. Picture taken through a glass window. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Protesters are hit by police water cannon during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

Protesters clash with riot police during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill, near the Legislative Council in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Protesters clash with riot police during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill, near the Legislative Council in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Police fire tear gas at protesters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill, near the Legislative Council in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Protesters clash with riot police during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill, near the Legislative Council in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Police fire tear gas at protesters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Protesters react during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

Protesters react to a tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

A protester walks amid tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officer fires tear gas at protesters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officers fire tear gas at protesters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

A protester throws a tear gas canister during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Protesters react during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

A protester gestures during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

Police officers fire tear gas at protesters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officers fire tear gas at protesters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officers fire tear gas at protesters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Protesters help a man during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill where tear gas was fired, in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/James Pomfret

Protesters react to a tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officer fires tear gas at protesters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Protesters holding umbrellas take part in a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill, in Hong Kong, China, June 12, 2019 in this picture obtained from social media. Twitter/@puck_finn/via REUTERS

Protesters holding umbrellas take part in a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill, in Hong Kong, China, June 12, 2019 in this picture obtained from social media. Twitter/@puck_finn/via REUTERS

Protesters walk amid tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officer holds a sign during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officer fires tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Protesters react during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Police officers are seen during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Protesters react during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Protesters react during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

An umbrella lies on the ground as a tear gas is seen during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

Protesters clash with riot police during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

Police officers detain a protester during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Protesters use their mobile phones as they stand outside HSBC bank headquarters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

A protester is carried on a stretcher by paramedics during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Police officers fire tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

A protester walks amid tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Protesters are seen amidst tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China, June 12, 2019 in this picture obtained from social media. Twitter/@HongKongHermit/via REUTERS

Police officers react during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Protesters march along a road demonstrating against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officers fire tear gas at protesters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officers fire a tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officer fires tear gas at protesters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officer fires tear gas at protesters during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Protesters react to a tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

A protester reacts to a tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

Police officer fires a tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officers fire a tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY

Police officers fire tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Protesters react to a tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

A protester holds a shield during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

A protester throws a tear gas canister during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

Protesters gesture during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

Protesters react to a tear gas during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu

A protester holds an umbrella during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Police officers climb the stairs during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Riot police prepare their gear during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Riot police prepare their gear during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

An empty street covered with rubbish is seen closed by the police after a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Umbrellas hang off a barricade during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019 in this image obtained from social media. Twitter @HongKongHermit via REUTERS

Barricades block a viaduct during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019 in this image obtained from social media. Twitter @HongKongHermit via REUTERS

Barricades block the Queensway road outside the United Centre during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 12, 2019 in this image obtained from social media. Twitter @HongKongHermit via REUTERS

People stand at a street barricade during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 13, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

A street barricade is seen during a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 13, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Umbrellas lie on the street after a demonstration against a proposed extradition bill in Hong Kong, China June 13, 2019. REUTERS/Thomas Peter



via 〖图集〗反送中警方暴力清场